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Legislative provisions on the protection of breastfeeding

The legislator, in accordance with the Maternity Protection Act of 1997, ensures the protection
of breastfeeding and the necessary means for the care of children. The woman for
breastfeeding and / or the increased care required for the upbringing of her child is entitled,
for nine months from the date of delivery or from the date of the maternity leave in the case
of adoption, to a break during one hour work, or to commence work for one hour later, or the
end of the working day one hour earlier. In case of adoption, the biological mother loses this
right as soon as the adopted mother applies the same right for the same child. In addition, it is
understood that the surrogate mother loses the right and it is transferred to the biological
mother who resorted to surrogate motherhood for the child.

If a woman decides to suspend work within one hour, she can breastfeed, save and save breast
milk, and the employer must provide all necessary benefits to her in accordance with the
provisions of the Law on the Promotion and Protection of Breastfeeding and the Rules adopted
in accordance therewith. The time of one hour of a daily break, or an hour after the start of the
working day, or the early termination of work for an hour, is considered and paid as working

The parliament voted for the above-mentioned Law on the promotion and protection of
breastfeeding in 2018. The purpose of this legislation is, inter alia, the promotion and
protection of breastfeeding through information, curriculum development and support groups.
The competent authority is appointed by the Minister of Health or a duly authorized

In addition, a National Commission for the Protection, Promotion and Support of
Breastfeeding is being established, which will advise the competent authority on the
identification of measures to protect and promote breastfeeding.

The Criminal Code was amended by adding a new article that deals with the situation when
the mother is breastfeeding. In particular, it is emphasized that anyone who publicly either
utters a word or creates a sound that can be heard by any other person in public, or makes a
gesture, or establishes any subject, or distributes written or illustrated texts, or behaves
inappropriately, or takes any other action to prevent a mother breastfeeding, is guilty of
committing a crime and, if charged, is liable to a fine not exceeding three thousand euros
(3000 euros).